What Is Bankruptcy?
Bankruptcy is the legal process of paying the assets of debtors who are in debt, distributing the earnings to creditors, and relieving the debtor of any further liability. Bankruptcy is designed to give the debtor afresh start from old debts, as well as to fairly settle creditor claims through an equitable distribution to them of the debtor's remaining assets.
Important Aspects To Know About Bankruptcy
While bankruptcy may be the only way out for some people, it also has serious consequences that are worth considering before you make any decisions. For example, bankruptcy will remain on your credit report for either seven or 10 years, depending on the type of bankruptcy. That can make it difficult to obtain a credit card, car loan, or mortgage in the future. It could also mean higher insurance rates and even affect your ability to get a job or rent an apartment.
What to Do Before Filing for Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy is generally considered a last resort for people who are deep in debt and see no way to pay their bills. Before filing for bankruptcy, find out if your creditors are willing to negotiate. Rather than wait for a bankruptcy settlement—and risk getting nothing at all—some creditors will agree to accept reduced payments over a longer period.
Types Of Bankruptcies
Even though the general goal of bankruptcy is to clear debt, not all bankruptcies are created equal. There are six different types of bankruptcies:
Chapter 7: Liquidation
Chapter 13: Repayment Plan
Chapter 11: Large Reorganization
Chapter 12: Family Farmers
Chapter 15: Used in Foreign Cases
Chapter 9: Municipalities
How to File for Bankruptcy
If you've decided to file for bankruptcy, your first step should usually be to consult an attorney. Before you file, you'll be required to attend a counseling session with a credit counseling organization approved by the Department of Justice’s U.S. Trustee Program. The counselor should evaluate your financial situation, describe the alternatives to bankruptcy, and help you devise a budget plan. Counseling is free if you can't afford to pay; otherwise, it should cost about $50, according to the Federal Trade Commission.
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The writer of this blog is, Jory Mirtil. He works at Thaddeus as an Accounting Intern. He chose Thaddeus because of the work environment and the mission it stands for. He is someone who aspires to be an Accountant one day. His career path journey will involve a ton of work experience and education in accounting in order to reach his dream to become a CPA.